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Carl Ransom Rogers-"influential American psychologist"

Rogers did not develop his theory without reference to other theorists of the time, and he had in fact been involved in a number of different approaches during his years in New York and Rochester. The early part of this century was a time of great growth in the fields of psychology, psychiatry, and social work. In psychology, there were two major thrusts: the first was testing and measuring, and the second was experimental work in the laboratory, using animals to explore various theories of learning. Clinical psychology was just coming into its own; psychological testing played an important part in clinical work; and psychotherapy was not widely used. In many clinics, the three fields of psychology, psychiatry, and social work combined in diagnosing and treating individual problems. This was the case in Rochester, New York, when Carl Rogers joined the Child Study Department of the Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children. Rogers thus situated himself at the confluence of three new professions, each in its infancy, each presenting opportunities for pioneering research on methods of helping children and their parents in trouble. Rogers worked with an increasing number of troubled children referred by dozens of social agencies throughout the community, and these children represented every behavior and personality problem imaginable: enuresis, stealing, lying, extreme sex curiosity, sex perversions, sadism toward animals or younger children, extreme withdrawal or aggressiveness, incest, stammering, eating dirt and worms, and numerous other comparable problems (Kirschenbaum, 1979, pp. 63-5).

Rogers utilized several different treatment approaches, though his own interests moved toward intensive psychotherapy during his years at Rochester; he was also much impressed with the power of environmental therapy. Kirschenbaum (1979) feels that Rogers' work at Rochester became the basis for all his subsequent work, with the cent...

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Carl Ransom Rogers-"influential American psychologist". (2000, January 01). In LotsofEssays.com. Retrieved 12:41, October 30, 2014, from http://www.collegetermpapers.com/viewpaper/1303889130.html
 
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