Pinder, J. (2001). The European Union: A very short introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
However, if one examines the organizing concepts (pillars) of the EU, maintaining the freedom of individual member nations such that their governing bodies hold a level of power that may in some instances challenge or even over-rule the EU is not a strong concern. Rather, the focus is on setting up a set of standards, rules, regulations and policies by which all of the member nations of the EU must abide (Raphael, 2001). To this end, the governing bodies of the EU comprise a far more stringent top-down organization of power with less emphasis upon the governing authority of individual members than does the United States.
ies which act as a ˘check and balance÷ upon one another (Hakim, 2001). Also related to the core notion of freedom is the fact that the governing power invested in the individual states that comprise America is not totally subservient to the federal government. Indeed, there exist hundreds of years of litigation that support and maintain the governing power of states, even when challenged by the federal government.
Raphael, R. (2001). A peopleĂs history of the American revolution. New York: New Press.
Kagan, R. (2003).