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The Film of John F. Kennedy

Kim Il Sung was then president in the North. The president of the South was calling for war against the North, which may have been a ploy to take the people's minds off the real failure of the South Korean government to improve their lives substantially and to make them forget the strong-arm tactics used by the government to keep itself in power. Those in the north were also trying to foment trouble and was openly boasting about the thousands of guerrillas North Korea was supporting in South Korea (Stokesbury 27).

It was evident that Korea had become a pawn in the Cold War between the United States and the Soviet Union, and it was clear that neither of these great powers was willing to take a chance at the time on a truly democratic all-Korea election by all parties. If they had been, then the situation as it unfolded would never have developed. The United States in 1949 left behind perhaps 500 military offices and men whose mission was to complete the instruction of the South Korean military forces, and this seemed to be a hopeless task. For one thing, the U.S. wanted these forces to be sturdy enough to repel any Communist attack but not strong enough to launch an attack on the North on is own, and this was why tanks, heavy guns, and aircraft were not left behind for Rhee's infant ground forces. Over the next year or so, two hostile forces began digging defenses along the 38th Parallel, and each was determined to have all of Korea. Border clashes broke out in 1950, escalating to a considerable degree over time. The forces in the North were much stronger and better armed than those in the South. The Soviets had no compunction about the North invading the South and were in fact encouraging it. The army had eight full divisions by June of 1950, and two others at half strength. All had been trained by high-ranking Soviet military advisers. The Russians, like the Americans, had removed their troops, but they had left behind...

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The Film of John F. Kennedy. (1969, December 31). In Retrieved 02:46, September 21, 2017, from
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