Grenier, R. The cowboy patriot. National Interest, 45(84), Fall 1996, 84-88.
Schickel, R. Deconstructing the duke. Time, 149(15), 1997, 55.
Wayne often received a great deal of animosity from liberals and from those who felt his “gun-ho” style was offensive to Native Americans, African Americans, and Mexicans. Wayne felt no guilt over injustices done to such groups because he felt they were committed in earlier eras and he had no part in them. He actually was married to three Latin-American women, and once on location when he discovered the Mexican extras in a film were forced to sleep outside in the cold with only a bonfire, he joined them with food and bottles of tequila and spent the night with them by the bonfire. At the Republican National Convention in 1968, Wayne declared, “I am grateful for every day of life I have spent in the United States of America,” (Grenier 1996, 87). Wayne did not like certain concepts he felt were anti-American, such as socialist, liberal, and even “masses”, which he considered communist. He once asked film director Ed Dmytryk, a communist sympathizer, “Jesus Christ Eddy, what’s the bitch about America?” (Grenier 1996, 87).
McTiernan, J. (Director). Die Hard, (Film). USA, 131 min.: 1988.
n Picture Alliance and teamed up with the president of the Screen Actors Guild, Ronald Reagan to vehemently fight communist influence in Hollywood. Ronald Reagan once made a pilgrimage to Wayne’s birthplace and would often inform White House visitors that Wayne “understood what the American spirit was all about,” (Grenier 1996, 85).
Richard Grenier argues that in 1964 Wayne did perhaps the bravest thing he eve had in his lifetime. He revealed to the world that he had a cancerous lung removed and had beaten the “Big C.” At the time in American society, cancer was taboo, few beat the illness, and many individuals who died of the disease were listed as having passed away after a “lengthy illness.” In having the courage and bra