Johnson, G. M. (1998). Principles of instruction for at-risk learners. Preventing school failure, 42(4), 167-174.
Cheek, L., Logan, K., Sprecher, S. & Streitmatter, B. (1997). Improving age-appropriate social skills to enhance academic performance. (ERIC Document Reproduction Service No. ED 411 080).
Most of the research findings reported above were not directly related to achievement. Kristen (2002), however, reviewed research conducted from 1990 to 2000, some of which did find that cooperative learning contributed to improvements in academic achievement among children who were at-risk for a variety of reasons. The significance of this proposed study is that it will add current findings to complement the earlier research.