Patterns, trends, and syndromes are the examinations most frequently conducted by those involved in comparative criminal justice research (Charles & Moore, 1996). For example, Terrill (2000) provides an understanding of crime and attendant justice systems through comparing the political, historical, organizational, procedural and criminal issues confronting the justice systems in England, Canada, France, Sweden, Japan, Russia and China. The analysis emphasizes similarities and differences in matters related to government, police, the judiciary, law, correctional institutions and various other critical areas.
Comparative Criminal Justice, as a field, can therefore be best understood as the use of comparative analyses brought to bear in order to understand the historical, political, economic, social and cultural influences that give rise to various countries' systems of justice. The purpose of these analyses is to provide an in-depth understanding of the similarities and differences of each system. Such an understanding broadens the minds of readers and those involved in various countries' criminal justice system by making them aware of the cultural contributions and connections that serve as foundational to their systems of justice; this, in turn, provides them with a more relativistic perspective on various pertinent critical issues related to c