Carnoy, M. (1984). The State and Political Theory. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Marx, K. (1906). Capital. Trans. S. Moore, E. Aveling, & E. Untermann. 3 vols. Chicago: Charles H. Kerr and Co.
The alienation of labor and capital, which is control of labor by capital, leads to the logical induction of revolutionary implies the contradiction doctrine: "Division of labour..... implies the contradiction between the interest of the separate individual family and the communal interest of all individuals who have intercourse with one another (Marx, 1978, p. 160). The struggle is bound up with oppression. If the ruling class controls the working class, and if the working class is in permanent struggle, then the society is always changing, moving toward revolution, which is the outcome of the struggle. Ineluctably, revolution implies a progressive quashing of class warfare, which in turn perforce implies the victory of the dictatorship of the proletariat over the bourgeoisie and aristocracy alike.
Visser, R. (1992, January). Fascist doctrine and the cult of the Romanita. Journal of Contemporary History, 27, 5-23. Wiskemann, E. (1969). Fascism in Italy: its development and influence. New York: St. Martin's Press.
Marxism takes the view that labor is a subsidiary function of capital, and the social relations of production determine value exchange. Actual labor, or use or exchange value, is essential to the production of capital, as well as to the basic livelihood of the worker. But labor will never be a simple expression of value exchange in the capitalist system. The psychology and power of class relationships affect the determination of labor's value, and capital makes the determination. Capitalism is therefore exploitative, and an appeal for its destruction becomes apparent once he explains his position that labor has a dual character in actual exchange/use value and surplus value.
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