Nevertheless, Lazare (1997) maintains that the expansion of cocoa production in Peru continued throughout the 1990s.
President Bill Clinton (1996) told the American public that Peru had taken steps to achieve full compliance with the goals and objectives of the 1988 United Nations Convention Against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances. However, this did not mean that Peru had become drug-free. Robinson (1998) claimed that some Peruvian farmers did switch from cocoa cultivation to other crops. Robinson (1998) also stated that between 1997 and 1998, Peru eliminated 114,900 acres of cocoa Ż nearly half of its cocoa fields.
The key factor in this success appears to have been the cooperation of Peruvian President Alberto Fujimori. Fujimori, assisted by the United States, developed a two-prong approach of stepped-up law enforcement and aid to cocoa growers who shifted to planting alternative crops. Special police teams were established with American assistance and in 1997, a total of 10,000 arrests on drug trafficking charges were recorded. Peru also adopted an aggressive policy of shooting down suspected drug planes Ż 45 in the late 1990s Ż whose pilots who do not respond to orders to land. According to Robinson (1998), U.S. Drug Enforcem