26). During the late 1950s, 1960s and 1970s beatings of Christian priests and destruction of Christian churches were commonplace. Turner said "Beijing decreed all Christians should belong to government-sponsored religious associations, forcing them to kneel at the altar of the state even as they pray to God" (p. 26). Since 1994, Turner said the regime has renewed its efforts to persecute Christian churches which she said had been gaining about 500,000 new converts a year. As discussed in more detail below, Chinese human rights abuses, including religious persecution, have been a continuing source of friction between the PRC and the United States and other Western nations. Into this scene burst a new spiritual force in the 1990s, the Falun Gong.
Origins and Nature of the Falun Gong
Birth. The Falun Gong movement was founded in Shanghai in 1992 by Master Li Hongzhi, who Time (2001, July 2) said was by trade "a grain clerk . . . who had once played trumpet with a song-and-dance troupe" (How, p. 32). Hilton (1999, September 4), added that Li Hongzhi was a former security guard from the northeastern city of Changchun (p. 15). He left the PRC sometime between 1996 and 1998. He was the object of an arrest warrant issued in July 29, 1999 which charged him with "spreading fallacies, hoodwinking people . . . creating disturbances and jeopardizing social stability" (Robinson, 2001, July, p. 1). The Chinese government dubbed him a CIA agent (Nodlinger, 1999, September 27, p. 24). Li Hongzhi now lives in New York City where Boas (2001 May) said he "uses the Internet as his principal means of communicating with [Falun Gong] followers" within China (p. 89).
Essence of Falun Gong. Jones (2000, March 3) described Falun Gong as "a modern adaptation of a 2,500 year-old Chinese practice, . . . a mind-body discipline said to improve health, reduce stress, and increase energy" (p. 30). The Economist (1999, November 6) described the movement as "li...
Human Rights Violation in China. (1969, December 31). In LotsofEssays.com. Retrieved 00:14, December 20, 2014, from http://www.collegetermpapers.com/viewpaper/1303965592.html