As Angus (2002) notes, “State-level changes in the practice of certifying teachers were followed closely by the U.S. Office of Education, which issued increasingly detailed reports for the years 1898, 1903, 1911, 1921, 1927, 1935, and 1946” (19).
With respect to the state of Mississippi, teacher certification requirements for the state are among the harshest in the nation. Under the Mississippi Education Reform Act of 1982, the Commission on Teacher and Administrator Education Certification and Licensure and Development was created (State, 2002, 1). The licensing process, levels of licensure, and routes to licensure in Mississippi are complex and vary depending on the type of teaching license and certification sought by educators. For example, certification requirements vary depending on subjects taught or types of students (i.e. special education). However, there is a standard educator license approved program route for educators in the state of Mississippi. This route grants the teacher a standard educator license, of which there are four classes. These classes and their requirements are demonstrated in the chart below:
MISSISSIPPI STANDARD EDUCATOR LICENSE APPROVED PROGRAM ROUTE
Class A Bachelor’s degree in Teacher Education from
a state approved or NCATE approved program
from a regionally/nationally accredited
Praxis II (Principles of Learning and