A regression analysis was conducted using client characteristics as the independent variables and ratings on a computer-assisted career guidance evaluation form as the dependent variable. Significant results were found for the personality type variable, with Social and Enterprising types rating the system lower on its ability to help them acquire self and occupational knowledge.
The client characteristics included: gender, personality type (based on subjects' scores on the Vocational Preference Inventory), level of vocational identity and career decidedness, and degree of interest definition. The subjects were 102 individuals who sought assistance at a university-based career center.
Farrell, S.S. (1990). The differential effects of a computer-assisted and non computer assisted career/life decision program on the career decision skills of low-income women. Dissertation Abstracts International, 51(5-A), p. 1507.
However, Miller (1988) reported that with the introduction of Holland's theory, personality is now viewed as a valuable tool in explaining career interests and decisions. As a result, Miller states, there have been a number of studies which have attempted to investigate standardized personalty instruments for their validity as career guidance instruments, one of which is the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI).
Miller, M.J. (1988). Integrating Holland's Typology with the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator: Implications for career counselors. Journal of Human Behavior and Learning, 5(2), 24-28.
Stein, T.S. (1991). Career exploration strategies for the elementary school counselor. Elementary School Guidance and Counseling, 26(2), 153-157.
Lenz, J.G., Reardon, R.C. & Sampson, J.P. (1993). Holland's theory and effective use of computer-assisted career guidance systems. Journal of Career Development, 19(4), 245-253.
The MBTI is an instrument designed to assess Jungian personality type. It does so by identifying four basic preferences: Extrave