127). It underlines both the scope and limitations of the peacekeeping mission. As their name implies, such forces are assigned to peacekeeping missions, not peacemaking or peace-enforcing missions.
The essential ground rules under which such forces operate is the mutual consent of the potentially antagonistic parties. Their mission is to provide an element of confidence and security to these parties. Through patrol and observation, they provide (when they are deployed) a buffer effect against incursions or incidents that might lead to an accidental conflict, undesired by any of the parties. They cannot compel peace upon a party that is bent upon war, or which is willing to engage in confrontational policies that might lead to war--once such confrontational policy being precisely a demand for the removal of peacekeepers from a potential conflict zone. Therefore, we cannot measure the effectiveness of United Nations peacekeeping forces in the Arab-Israeli conflict zone by the wars that have taken place since UNEF I was deployed, but by considering what additional wars or military actions might have taken place had such forces never been in place. The level of tension which has generally prevailed between Israel and various of its Arab neighbors suggests that much more fighting might well have taken place in the absence of United