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How Potsdam Declaration Affected Japan

The initial goal of disarming and demilitarizing Japan had several effects. The labor market under Japan's militarists was in near chaos at the end of the war. When the army was disbanded it created a pool of laborers who had been exposed to military discipline and were used to accepting orders without question. These men were available to form the nucleus of a well trained cadre of blue-collar workers for the soon-to-emerge growing manufacturing sector (Dower, 1990, p. 54). The war-time industrial complex was initially scheduled to be destroyed or shipped to other countries as war reparations. This policy conflicted with the goal of making Japan a self-sustaining country. Most of the industrial plants made use of sophisticated equipment which other country's economies did not have the ability to exploit. Rumors spread, about steel plants rusting on docks and cement being left out in the open and exposed to rain, effectively destroying both the steel plant and the concrete (Passin, 1990, p. 111). The Japanese needed these plants converted to peace-time manufacturing plants. Many of these plants turned to producing cameras, watches, and binoculars. Manufacturing plants which had produced uniforms could now produce civilian clothing for the population. Military truck facilities turned to producing automobiles. The United States chose not to enforce the payment of reparations in


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How Potsdam Declaration Affected Japan. (2000, January 01). In Retrieved 19:35, October 25, 2014, from
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