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What is A Loyalist & A Tories?

One of the key Loyalist leaders was Benedict Arnold.

It is interesting to note that many of the Loyalists, or Tories, remained when Independence was declared and the war over. But, over 80,000 left, along with British troops, and returned to Britain. They were not expelled, as some historians (such as Toynbee) have claimed. They simply felt as outsiders, scorned by the people they had lived and worked alongside prior to the Revolution.

Figures indicate that about 20% of the population in America were set against independence. "About 40 to 45 percent of the colonial population supported the struggle for independence, and were known as "Patriots" (or 'Whigs')" (Wikepedia 2005 2). While we tend to think of these Americans as "aptriots" in the modern sense of the word, at the tiome it merely defined their political leanings- opposing the status qu9o and therefore beginning both a political and military revolution to declare the united States a free and sovereign nation. The fact that the Loyalists remained faithful to the land of their origin does not, in retrospect, make them any lkess patriotic. It is merely a loaylty to a different cause- one which the American Revolution defeated and which ended up in turning thirteen separate colonies into a single unified federal government.

Morison, S.E.: Oxford History of the American People

Oxford UK: Oxford University Press (19


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