However, until the 1960Ăs, womenĂs work had been fixed almost exclusively on and limited to their stereotypical roles as housekeepers, child rearers, and care-givers. Leadership roles for women were few and far between, and generally, women were expected to follow the leadership of the men who were their bosses. Although they worked, they were rarely visible as decision-makers. Nonetheless, their rising participation in the marketplace has undergone a dramatic transformation since the beginning of the 20th century. According to Business Week writer Laura Cohn, (2/15/00), the annual ˘Economic Report of the President÷ released by President ClintonĂs Council of Economic Advisers says that ˘the progress made by women in the paid labor market has been one of the most important economic changes of the 20th century.÷ Women have made significant contributions to the culture, and to the economy, as they have gone to work in record numbers.
That there are more women in the workforce, and that their responsibilities have continued to broaden does not mean, however, that progress for women in the workforce has been easy. While the percentage of women in professions like architecture, lawyering, and economics has tripled or in some cases even quadrupled since the 1950Ăs, (Cohn, 2000), the labor-market participation of women has not been accompanied by equal opportunity for advancement or equal pay (Glass Cei