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Sculpture & Culture of the Roman Era

Working on a scale as monumental as the Egyptians, they brought the representation of the human form to perfection. There were different periods of Greek sculpture that led to achieving perfection of the human form. In the earlier period, figures were often rigid and bodies showed the schematized features of earlier cultures discussed herein. However, by the classical period of Greek sculpture, the Greeks had perfected the human form to achieve a startling degree of naturalism. We see also that Athletes began to be considered a worthy subject of sculpture for this culture. The Colossal Kouros of Sounion shows the penchant of Greek sculptures to work in marble. It also shows the monumental scale of Greek sculpture (See Kouros URL). Advances in medicine and anatomy during this era were transferred into sculpture. If we look at the legs and arms of the Kouros we can see the attempt to achieve naturalism in Greek sculpture. The Greeks were very inquisitive and it showed in their interest in the sciences like anatomy and these elements of culture were represented in many Greek sculptures. The Kouros also shows that in the earlier period of Greek sculpture features were still fairly simplistic but much more realistic than the sculptures of earlier cultures. The hair pattern also shows the Greek cultural preoccupation with looks and adornment, perhaps best exemplified by the rule of Cleopatra.

The Altar of Zeus Detail shows the Hellenistic period of Greek sculpture and shows that high art that culture aspired to in its immortal creations. The Altar of Zeus Detail shows the remarkable level of naturalism achieved through the creation of fine detail like hair, feet, eyes, and emotional expression (See Altar URL). The sculpture demonstrates the love of passion and Gods in Greek culture. The figures appear to move and their limbs extend in all directions further achieving a realistic three-dimensional affect on the viewer. The c...

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