We also still see ways in which business gives women a secondary role, as if men had to work to support their families and women did not. The tendency of businesses to prevent women from rising beyond a certain management level is referred to as the glass ceiling, an invisible barrier not usually talked about in the company but effective at keeping women from rising to the top echelons. More women are breaking through such barriers to find careers in nontraditional work, as opposed to the so-called "pink collar" jobs that do not pay as well or have as much authority. Among the barriers women face are harassment and isolation on the job, difficulties with dependent care, problems with transportation, and the lack of tools and equipment properly sized for women in some jobs. The social role that has been traditional for women creates expectations which mitigate against women in business--women are expected to marry and be dependent on the male; they are expected to stay home and care for the family; they are expected to be submissive rather than assertive and so embody values not prized in business.
This was precisely the sort of attitude that prevailed in the 1930s, when jobs for women were found primarily in sales, service, and secretarial roles. The role of women in American society was conditioned by religious attitudes and by the conditions of life that prevailed through much of American history. The culture of Europe and America