While free women could own property, they were nevertheless dependent upon their male relatives or husbands and had little voice in public affairs (Norton, Katzman, Escott, Chudacoff, Patterson, Tuttle, and Brophy, 139-141). Citizenship rights were granted to all males and while white women were citizens, slaves, indentured servants, and Native Americans were not citizens and had few constitutionally protected rights at either the national or the state level.
However, as Foner (17) points out, the American Revolution did serve to redefine property itself to include rights and liberties as well as physical possessions. Ideologically, if not practically, all individuals possessed the right to participate in political life. In economic as well as political affairs, the American Revolution "redrew the boundary between the free and the unfree (Foner, 19)." In the generation after independence, the decline of indentured servitude and apprenticeship and the transformation of paid domestic service into an occupation for e