) How will they resolve ethnic and national conflicts; (4.) How will they repair natural environments ruined by decades of mismanagement? Although all four of these areas are instrumental, number (3.) will prove to be the most problematic for those striving to insure that the former Soviet regions continue in their transformation toward Western economies.
American foreign policy will have to address these four main issues if the shift toward democracy and market economies is to continue. The United States is committed to spending whatever it takes to ensure that the former Soviet republics do not relinquish capitalism at this crucial turning point. If it means that the United States will have to subsidize former Soviet countries, President Clinton has already indicated a willingness to do so. The general consensus, at least among U.S. military strategists, is that subsidization of the former Soviet Union is a comparable (to Cold War spending)--or at least small--price to pay at this juncture in our history. One has only to look at the cost of the Cold War with its massive military build-up over decades to realize that subsidization of former Soviet economies may be the better bargain.
Now that the Soviet threat is gone, American response to a changed Russia is optimistic, yet tentative. Clearly one question facing the post-Cold War world is how to deal with erupting trouble spots, usually of ethnic origin. The NATO nations have agre