The editors indicate early in the book that arms control and international security are related but at the same time represent different forces. They do find that the end of the cold War will make a difference, but it is a difference that will develop slowly and that will not mean a complete change in the world order as some had hoped. They make a distinction between arms control and disarmament, with arms control seen as a means to achieving a larger goal, and disarmament seen as an end in itself:
As defined earlier, the arms control process is intended to serve as a means of enhancing a state's national security. Arms control is one of a number of approaches a nation has available for achieving this goal. arms control could even lead states to agree to increases in certain categories of armaments if such increases wold contribute to crisis stability and thereby reduce the chance of war. This concept of arms control should be distinguished from that of general and complete disarmament (Rattray 8).
In examining the Cold War era, Waller says that in terms of arms control, the era started "boldly and badly, but it finished well" (Waller 99). Many believe that the disso