27). Hispanic and other minority households have traditionally experienced a more limited access to socioeconomic resources than have the dominant households of the Anglo culture. Forty-seven percent of Texas households had incomes below 25 thousand dollars in 1990. That number is expected to increase to include more than half of all Texas households (almost 54 percent) before 2030 (Lara-Alecio, Irby, & Ebener, 1997, p. 27). National demographic data place 40 percent of all Hispanic children at the poverty level (Lara-Alecio, Irby, & Ebener, 1997, p. 27). The economic data alone on Hispanics as a group would put their children to be at risk educationally.
Economically disadvantaged families have fewer resources to devote to their children's education. This translates into fewer trips to places of general and cultural interest. In schools with economically advantaged children, the parents have exposed their children to museums and libraries; most Hispanic parents do not avail themselves of these types of resources even when they are available without cost (Baldauf, 1997, p. 2). The Hispanic parents love their children and want them to succeed but the parents have not been exposed and taught to share these places and experiences with their own children. Most parents of middle- and upper-class children read to their children often and encourage an interest in books.