Oh goes on to look at what their lives were like and to consider how their story was at first covered up and then revealed to history. This revelation forms the heart of the article. Oh concludes with a powerful argument for continued study, to learn from this tragedy and to prevent its recurrence.
dence remains to show that "the Japanese Army's systematic, well-planned, and inhumane implementation of military sex slavery policy brought the military exploitation of women to new levels" (p. 230). This was the result of several aspects of Japanese Imperial society, and Chung spells these out in some detail, offering a good outline for further examination of the social issues that made such practices possible.
Chung's article, written in 1997 before much attention had been given to the subject, also provides context. It is also especially useful in its discussion of terminology, considering the ways in which language informs the debate.
Bonnie B. C. Oh's ( ) "The Japanese Imperial System and the Korean 'Comfort Women' of World War II" begins by putting the issue into context. Military prostitution is not unique to 20th century Japan but Japanese society was able to institutionalize the practice in unique ways. Oh ( ) argues, "Given [the] open acceptance of systematized and legalized prostitution, it is not surprising that there should have been an organized brothel system in the Japanese military" (p. 5). Oh considers the historic and political climate at work that seems to have encouraged a system of forcing women, especially women from nations the Imperialist forces were trying to conquer, to submit sexually to the invading forces.
The five young women in Tamura Taijiroo's ( ) "Gate of Flesh" are trying to survive the postwar devastation by working as private prostitutes serving the occupying soldiers. At the end of the story, one of the girls faces the punishment of the others for having broken the house rules. Tanaka (2002) reminds readers, "To