Still, when it comes time to present a conclusion to such an objective survey of views on the bombing of Japan, the author quotes Churchill calling the bombing a "miracle of deliverance" (559), and includes an extended passage from a former American soldier grateful that the bombs were dropped and the planned invasion of Japan was called off. The clear implication on the part of Spector is that he agrees with the decision to drop both bombs on Japan.
At the same time, Spector recognizes that the war was a horrible experience for both sides in terms of the costs of dehumanization. He does not whitewash the effect that the war had on the traditional ideals of Americans:
Americans came to abandon some of the principles which they had long upheld. A nation which had entered the First World War . . . out of opposition to unrestricted submarine warfare . . . chose to wage such warfare from the opening day of World War II. . . . American opposition to the Japanese conquest of China rested largely on revulsion against the Japanese use of air power on civilian targets, yet the United States itself initiated an unprecedented campaign of aerial bombardment against Japan (xvi).
Certainly part of the reason for this abandonment of principles by Americans in the war with Japan was the nature of the beginning of the war---the "sneak" attack by Japan on Pearl Harbor. The day of the attack was memorialized by President Roose