˘Brain Training Aids Kids with Dyslexia.÷ Science News. 163(11)(2003):173.
aseltine 92). To read a word, the brain must first resolve the word into letters, and then match each letter to the individual phoneme it represents. It must then attach the phonemes together into the sound of the word, and retrieve the word from memory to comprehend it. There are 40 phonemes in the English language because letters can express multiple sounds. Haseltine gives the example of the phonemes in the word rutabaga: r/u/t/[inverted] e/b/e/g/[inverted] e - there are two pronunciations of the letter a: the first and last a sound as in sofa, but the second a sounds as in bait; and the t sound is similar to d. This is difficult to comprehend for someone who can read normally, but is impossible for someone who is dyslexic. Children performing poorly on phonemic awareness in oral language in kindergarten are likely to experience difficulties in acquiring early word reading skills which provide the basis for reading ability in later years (Reilly 71). These children need to be taught phonemic awareness directly and explicitly before phonics teaching begins, otherwise phonics will not make sense to them, according to Bright Solutions for Dyslexia, LLC (Reilly 71).
Naturally Speaking, a voice-speech recognition software from Dragon Systems in Newton, Massachussetts (at http://dragonsys.com or by calling 800-825-5897 or 617-965-5200) for Windows-based PCs and is simple to use (Reilly 71). Using a Naturally Speaking headset, the person speaks into a microphone and the software types what is said on the screen, spelled correctly. The software will also read the passage back to the student. Dragon Naturally Speaking can be