In this management style, workers are not dictated to by supervisors but are involved or consulted before any change in the organization is effected (McGregor & Likert). In essence, workers become more like partners with supervisors, rather than underlings.
The systems management theory is predicated on scientific method, which starts with a hypothesis followed by a controlled experiment in which data is collected and analyzed (˘The Systems Approach to Management÷). In the systems management approach, managers define the company as a system, establishing system objectives¨performance criteria¨and then identifying wider systems¨the environment¨and create formal subsystems that are then integrated with the whole system (˘The Systems Approach to Management÷). Expectancy theory, or ˘the idea that workers are driven by complex internal processes of motivation,÷ is a component of systems management, as is contingency theory, which postulates that ˘there is no single best approach to leadership÷ (˘The Systems Approach to Management÷).
Of the three management styles, the systems management approach is most effective in the criminal justice system, because it promotes unity and cohesiveness within the organization without sacrificing efficiency and effectiveness. Scientific management is te