The 41st president, President George Herbert Walker Bush, and his administration were a major actor stakeholder in the nation's war on drugs in relation to South America (Duzan, 1990, p. 10). By concentrating the anti-drug effort in South America, the Bush Administration was able to persuade the American people that costly, unpleasant efforts to control consumption in the United States were unnecessary. Bush's administration was also able to avoid the spectacle of a heavy-handed governmental repression of marijuana producers in the United States; an action that could easily cause political trouble for the Administration. The facts are, however, that approximately four-fifths of the illicit drugs consumed in the United States is marijuana, and that about four-fifths of the marijuana consumed in the United States is grown in this country. Nevertheless, 70 percent of the anti-drug money spent by the United States government is directed toward foreign countries (Duzan, p. 10). In the early years of the Clinton Administration, President Clinton said that the United States government will begin to emphasize the reduction in American drug demand in governmental anti-drug efforts, as opposed to the Bush/ Reagan emphasis on the control of foreign supply. However, within those early years no significant change in the anti-drug funding ratios occurred.
Other major actors stakeholders in the United States government anti-drug effort in S