Goldman's description of 1949 as the year of shocks illustrates the dynamic at work: In addition to Russia's atomic bomb were the 1949 revolution that installed the Chinese Communist Party in government in mainland China; North Korea's invasion of South Korea; and elaboration of containment, the name given to American foreign policy whereby the U.S. intended to prevent what was felt to be the conspiratorial imperialist project of state communism from spreading westward beyond the satellite states of the USSR.
The stakes of the Cold War were nothing less than the global geopolitical structure, played for against the backdrop of what the Truman administration saw as a "long-running, world-wide social revolution" that World War II had not adequately resolved. Indeed, there was a view that "the Red surge represented, in a viciously distorted way, the legitimate aspirations of millions for independence, social reform, and self-respect" (Goldman, 1960, p. 115).
[C]ontainers relied principally on the long-range effects of economic aid to non-Communist countries, not on the more direct method of arming the free world and certainly not on any hope of destroying Communism by war. They promoted co-existence, with its implication that Communism would be powerful for an indefinite period. They showed no faith that America could solve the problem alone, and sought to bolster the American position by strong support of the United Nations and by general coalition diplomacy (Goldman, 1960, p. 115).
An internal intelligence memorandum sent in 1945 to "Wild Bill" Donovan, head of the US Office of Strategic Services (OSS), precursor of the CIA, contained analysis of future encounters between the US and USSR. In context of the invention of nuclear capability, there would be "a shift in the balance between 'peaceful' and 'warlike' methods of exerting international pressure" that would be used by both sides--by the Soviets in efforts to "propagandize, s...
History and Culture Of Cold War. (1969, December 31). In LotsofEssays.com. Retrieved 04:19, December 21, 2014, from http://www.collegetermpapers.com/viewpaper/1304195242.html