At the same time, and perhaps not coincidentally, other developments at the state and societal level helped consolidate these notions:
[T]hese developments occurred at the same time as changes to the Poor Law system, change in the workplace, relating particularly to women and children, and changes in the policing of society evidenced by the passing of the Factory Acts, the Metropolitan Police Act, and the New Poor Law in the first half of the century÷ (Shore 21).
Other factors included an easing of the number of crimes that were subject to capital punishment, including such crimes as pick-pocketing, punishable by death until 1808. This led ironically to more convictions of juveniles as the courts no longer feared that these juveniles could be put to death.
This paper traces the background and evolution of the notion of juvenile delinquency in late-Victorian England. The paper argues that this notion consisted of a coming together of public and private interests, as well as new approaches in sociology and psychology, and a further distinction between what a child is versus adulthood (especially in the difference in vie