The Path to Recidivism and Increased Crime
Jesse Jackson makes one of the same points that Reiman makes, in general, poor people are more likely to be arrested and sentenced than rich ones. Jackson notes that what we learned from the O. J. Simpson case is that a wealthy defendant is far less likely to be convicted because he can afford a dream team of lawyers and jury consultants (Jackson, 16-17). Reiman shows that wealthy defendants involved in major white collar crimes such as Watergate and the Savings and Loan scandals spent far less time in prison than poor defendants who took far less money (Reiman, 127-135). Thus, it seems like some people believe that crime, or at least those who are convicted of crimes, has more to do with a person's social-economic status than anything else.
Donziger is especially critical of America's prison system. His statistics show that in federal prisons, 89% of the inmates are incarcerated for nonviolent crimes Donziger, 32). He states that more than 1.5 million Americans are in prison and another five million are on parole. Eleven million people are booked in either local, state or federal correctional facilities or jails each year (Donziger, 32-36). There are also six times as many African-Americans in jails as there are whites (Donziger, 37). Also, two percent of our male workforce is behind bars (Donziger, 62). Finally, the author points out that an increased number of people who are incarcerated does not lead to decreased crime rates (Donziger, 38). Hence, it is safe to conclude that our criminal justice system is just not working like it is supposed to.
that Generates Crime and Delinquency
The authors concluded that most of the crimes which resulted in people going to jail were much less serious than most of the population thought (Irwin, 57). They found that 57% of those sent to prison were not engaged in so-called criminal careers. They cited authors Greenwood and Turner, who observed that many crimin