A parent's lack of education can also cause cycles of poverty. For example, an uneducated parent may be able only to secure employment that places his or her family in low-income or poor economic levels. This family, therefore, will more than likely live in an area characterized by low-incomes and poverty. The children, as a result, will more than likely attend substandard schools. In New York, for example, the average poor student receives only about $1,000 per year in resources at public schools, compared to resource allocations of approximately $3,000 per year per student in more affluent public school districts ("Causes of Poverty" 1). These averages are roughly the same in at least 37 of the 50 states ("Causes of Poverty" 1).
Students in low-income and impoverished families and neighborhoods, therefore, often receive sub-standard education and educational facilities. In addition, however, these students also often suffer from insufficient mental and educational stimulation at home due to their parents' lack of education ("Causes of Poverty" 1). As a result, low-income and impoverished children often have lower levels of basic thinking skills in their pre-kindergarten years, which put them further behind in school even before they start. Some researchers contend that poor children often enter as much as a year and a half behind the language abilities of their middle-class peers ("Causes of Poverty" 1). Children with these disadvantages often per