Functionalist theory focuses on the individual and shows how their behavior is molded by the broader social forces of society (McClelland). Functionalism is concerned with the way people are molded by society, rather than how they make their own decisions. They see people more as puppets made to fit into the norm or face rejection. This can certainly be seen in the case of obesity: everyone wants these people to lose weight and be more like them, to look the way most people look, to conform to the social norm for body weight.
Conflict theory characterizes life by conflict in which the norms and values are not equally distributed or accepted among all members of society (Conflict). Neither are the norms and values randomly distributed. Society is divided into groups, according to conflict theory, and the relationships between and within these groups are tenuous, with power struggles often taking place if a balance is not struck between those wishing to keep things as they are and the effort needed to keep people together on the issues. Groups are defined by the power relationship between those who make the rules and those who obey them. This relationship is necessary for the group to exist.
The group must function harmoniously for the social system to work, even of they do not necessarily agree with each other. Groups can only act together if they are organized (Conflict). The key factor in making such a system work is the acceptance of the le