Stem cells 'could boost breasts.' (2004, February 9). BBC News World Edition. Retrieved April 27, 2005 from http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/3473889.stm
Public opinion against embryo stem cell research derives from two concerns. The first concern, often put forward by religious groups and those who do not believe abortion to be moral, is that human embryos should retain the rights of grown humans and should not be used for research purposes. The second concern is related to another technology involving embryos, the new technology of embryo stem cell cloning. Embryo stem cell cloning can be defined as the transfer of nuclear or genetic material into an egg cell that has had its nucleus removed and then growing the remodeled egg cell into an organism (Bohlin, 2004). The first public claim to have cloned human cells in the United States came from the company Advanced Cell Technologies (ACT) in November of 2001. Previous to this, cloning had successfully been achieved in six species: sheep, cattle, pigs, goats, mice, and cats (Bohlin, 2004). However, human stem cell cloning had proved trickier than working with these other species. ACT was only moderately successful in its attempts at cloning humans, as the cloned cells created would grow to a mass of six cells and then die. This growth was not sufficient to allow for harvesting stem cells that could be used in research (Bohlin, 2004).
Saad, L. (2004, June 22). The cultural landscape: what's morally acceptable? The Gallup Organization. Retrieved April 27, 2005 from http://www.gallup.com/poll/content/login.aspx?ci=12061
ACT publicized their achievement to the major news media, perhaps in order to garner public support for cloning research. As it happened, this had the opposite effect, leading to public fears that moral lines would be crossed as human cloning research advanced (Bohlin, 2004). For example, people feared that cloning would lead to the selection of breeding individuals with certain desired traits, pe