Toffler, Alvin, & Toffler, Heidi. (1991). Where do we go from here? World Monitor, 4(10), 34-39.
o implement and retain some significant economic reforms. Czechoslovakia, under Alexander Dubcek, experimented with major economic reform in 1968, only to see the reform crushed by Warsaw Pact troops (Shawcross, 1970, p. 111). Yugoslavia, under Tito, broke away from the Soviet orbit in the 1950s. The Yugoslavs were able to modify to a significant extent their Marxist economic system; however, Marxist political control continued, albeit under Tito's direction as opposed to that of Moscow. Poland rebelled politically against Soviet control on a number of occasions. In the 1980s, the Poles were finally successful in shedding Marxist political control. Their subsequent attempts at economic reform, however, have been spectacular for their failure. Some East Germans also attempted to revolt against Marxist political control. The efforts were never successful against the East German government. The East Germans, however, were successful in making their Marxist economy work better than any of the other East European Marxist economies.
The first major opportunity for western advertising in Eastern Europe subsequent to 1989 was in conjunction with World Cup Soccer. In early-1990, the international Eastern European Organization of Radio and Television offered an advertising package contract for the championship broadcasts of World Cup Soccer to be broadcast in the Eastern European countries; the package deal covered rights in all Eastern European socialist bloc countries.
The release from Communism in 1989 has not led to the economic promised land for the Eastern European countries in the early-1990s. Nevertheless, hope for improvement continues to abound (Economist, 1992b, p. 57).
Economic progress is not being accomplished in the context of growth in the East European countries. Hungary, the country with an economy closest to a western model, grew an average o