Yet, in the long run, Prospero renounces vengeance and accepts Ferdinand as the suitor of Miranda as a good thing.
Both drama and fantasy in Shakespeare are the means to achieve understanding and discovery, and Madeleine Doran is cited by Berger to this effect with reference to The Tempest:
The action of the play is Prospero's discovery to his enemies, their discovery of themselves, the lovers' discovery of a new world of wonder, Prospero's own discovery of an ethic of forgiveness, and the renunciation of his magical power (Berger 10).
Prospero in Act IV begins the process of change that leads to the conclusion of the play. The scene serves as a deliberate contrast with the tensions of the previous scene in which Prospero and his spirits create a banquet and then make it disappear. In both scenes, a form of play is presented to a small audience and then is made to disappear. The purpose of the first scene is revenge and to strike fear into the hearts of Alonso and the others. The purpose of the second scene is a joyful one, even more celebratory by contrast to the earlier scene. The words uttered by Prospero when the masque is made to disappear evoke both emotions. He begins: "Our revels now are ended" (IV.i.148). The masque that he has presented was "peopled" by spirits serving as actors, and once the play is over the actors "Are melted into air, into thin air" (IV.i.150). The play creates a reality that includes an entire world of illusion, and Prospero describes some of the elements of this illusion: "The cloud-capp'd towers, the great globe itself,/ Yea, all which it inherit, shall dissolve/ And, like this insubstantial pageant faded,/ Leave not a rack behind" (IV.i.152-155). Prospero here connects the illusion of the stage with the transience and vulnerability of the real world, which will also fade away as life fades away, leaving not even a cloud behind.
This masque occurs at the betrothal of Ferdinand and ...
William Shakespeare's The Tempest. (1969, December 31). In LotsofEssays.com. Retrieved 10:39, November 28, 2014, from http://www.collegetermpapers.com/viewpaper/1304239758.html