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The Lutwaffe in WWII

The Germans developed the giant bombers toward the end of the war, the Gothas, Staaken, and other planes, but they did not pursue systematic bombing at this time. Between the two wars, the development of air power was minimal (Jablonski xiii).

In 1933, Herman Goering was appointed to the position of National Commissioner of Aviation. He had been a successful fighter pilot during World War I, and he now had as his goal the establishment of an independent air force. In May of 1933, the Reichs Minister of Defense announced that Paul von Hindenburg, President of the Reich, had authorized the establishment of an Air Ministry under the National Defense Ministry. Goering realized the significance of a strong and independent air force in any future war and set about assuring that such a unit was created. The Reichs Air Ministry now assumed the functions of a Luftwaffe High Command, and those selected from army and navy units to oversee this new group had to create the Luftwaffe from the ground up, a challenge none had ever faced in peacetime (Faber 10).

The Germans faced considerable difficulties in the creation of an air capability. No German air force had survived from the Great War except as a camouflaged planning stage within the army. In addition, the capacity for civil aircraft production was inadequate for military purposes. The success of the effort is apparent in the fact that within six years, the Luftwaffe was ready to g


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