Among the important issues discussed by LaFeber (p. 1) is the relationship between Progressive imperialist ideology and the more recent twenty-first century imperialism which began with the new technologies of the 1970s and the "American triumphalism of the late 1980s and 1990s." In both instances, LaFeber (pp. 1-2) argues that globalization was crucial in making it possible for America to enjoy a high level of autonomy and hegemony on the geopolitical stage. Globalization is presented by LaFeber (p. 1) as "both a cause and a result of the imperialism."
However, in identifying September 11, 2001 as a critical moment in recent history, LaFeber (p. 2) makes the case that American imperialism in the twenty-first century has contributed significantly to fragmentation on a number of levels. Fragmentation as used by this writer speaks to the divisiveness that eradicates stable relations between nation-states and regions or even relations between ethnic groups within an individual country.
LaFeber (p. 4) links terrorism to the general fragmentation that occurred and was heightened by the collapse of the Soviet Union. U.S. policy has indirectly and certainly inadvertently helped terrorists by sending aid to the Afghan resistance as a result of the Russian invasion of Afghanistan and then abandoning Afghanistan after the Soviets retreated in the late 1980s. LaFeber (p. 4) claims that imperialist undertakings such as Am