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Symptoms of anorexia

Hospitalization is often necessary in the early stages, and counseling and psychotherapy are also part of a treatment program for anorexia. Sometimes the patients require tranquilizers or antidepressants to control psychological problems which may be causing the disordered eating pattern. The success rate for recovery varies. Some say full recovery can occur in 50 percent to 70 percent of cases, with 15 percent to 20 percent having occasional relapses, and another 15 percent to 20 percent needing treatment for many years (Sifton, 2001). Miller (2000) believes only a modest number of anorexia patients recover, and though some improve with time, many continue to battle a distorted body image. He stresses the treatment goal of enhancing the patient's motivation to cooperate in their treatment and in correcting maladaptive thoughts, attitudes and feelings related to anorexia, and enlisting the entire family as a support group. This kind of treatment is based on a belief in a psychological cause for anorexia. Those who believe in a genetic cause in some cases of anorexia are holding out the hope that, with modern methods in genetic engineering and gene therapy, a new treatment for anorexia may be on the horizon (McCaffree, 2001). In this area, researchers are looking at modifying the proteins which genes release, such as corticotropin releasing factor which is released in response to stress. This may provide a treatment for anorexia.

Bulimia, once thought to be another aspect of anorexia, is now believed to be an entirely separate disorder (Sifton, 2001). Unlike anorexics, bulimics have no special desire to become thin, but just want to maintain their weight. They are given to binges in which they consume large amounts of food. They tend to prefer foods with high-fat, high-sugar content, which are easy to swallow and easy to vomit afterwards, such as ice cream, candy, puddings and cookies. Afterwards, they try to get rid of...

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Symptoms of anorexia. (2000, January 01). In LotsofEssays.com. Retrieved 00:14, November 26, 2014, from http://www.collegetermpapers.com/viewpaper/1304305854.html
 
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