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Views of Society by Mill and Marx

Mill's assertion of individual liberty imposed two conditions upon the individual: the individual's conduct must not injure the interests of another, and each individual had to bear his or her share of the labors and sacrifices necessary to defend society or its members from injury or molestation. Society was justified in enforcing these two limits at all costs by the exaction of either legal or social penalties.

Marx's theory postulated an entrenched stratification of society based almost entirely on economic differences between social classes. Marx described a class system under which economic position determined class ranking and influenced mobility, and for Marx there was no true social mobility but a rigid stratification into the bourgeois and proletarian classes. For Marx, social classes were part of a system of economic exploitation, with the bourgeoisie, or capitalist class, controlling the means of production and exploiting the work of the proletariat, or working class. Marx believed that this exploitation of the working class would lead inevitably to class conflict and to the destruction of the system of capitalism with the violent overthrow of that system. It would then be replaced by a period of the dictatorship of the proletariat, leading in time to a classless society, as noted. The succeeding state after capitalism would be a form of socialism. This would only be a transitional period marked by a dictatorship of the


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Views of Society by Mill and Marx. (1969, December 31). In Retrieved 21:37, October 22, 2014, from
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