Paper Review on the Local Criminal Courts of Columbia
Decisions rendered by the Superior Court of the District of Columbia may be appealed to the District of Columbia Court of Appeals (1), which is a completely different court from the Federal Appeals Court, District of Columbia. Decisions rendered by the District of Columbia Court of Appeals may be appealed to the Federal Appeals Court, District of Columbia.
The World Court (International Court of Justice)
The International Court of Justice is the legal arm of the United Nations, although the Court was established as a part of the League of Nations prior to the creation of the United Nations. The authority of the World Court as an arm of the United Nations derives from the Statute of the International Court of Justice (Articles 1-70) enacted by the United Nations General Assembly, which created the present World Court as the successor to the earlier Court.
The International Court of Justice consists of 15 judges elected for a term of nine years by the Security Council and General Assembly of the United Nations. Every three years one third of the members of the World Court are reelected. The World Court has an obligation to decide disputes freely submitted to the Court by States that are parties to the dispute in question (Shabtai 24).
Additionally, 260 bilateral and multilateral treaties provide for the International Court of Justice to have jurisdiction in the resolution of disputes arising out of their application or interpretation. Finally, States may submit a specific dispute to the Court by way of special agreement (International Court of Justice 8-14). Currently, the most high-profile case being heard by the World Court are the charges of war crimes laid against the former leaders of Yugoslavia in relation to events that occurred in Bosnia and Kosovo. Rulings by the World Court are in relation to international law.