There are members representing more than 150 nations, and while these representatives are not necessarily government-affiliated, they often have government influence. These representatives are typically the most prominent standards organizations in the individual nations; they work collectively on the technical committees and working group to develop the eventual ISO standards ("What Are," 2000).
Companies that are ISO certified, such as those that are ISO 9000 certified, undergo audits every six months and recertification every three years. Companies that meet ISO 9000 qualification, which covers management processes, are not meeting a specific ISO standard, but are certifying that they have established standards per ISO guidelines and are meeting their own internal standards (Spearin, 2002).
Based in Geneva, ISO was formed in 1947 when the need for international standards became apparent as companies continued the globalization that start