The Old Testament justifications were ordained by God, since they are based on scriptural passages. Typically, divorce is viewed as morally justifiable in the case of one spouse or the other failing to morally uphold their part of the sacred contract. Exodus 21:10 pertains to the moral failure of a man's obligation to a woman: "If he take him another wife; her food, her raiment, and her duty of marriage, shall he not be diminished." Exodus 20:14 and 20:17 both deal with the moral failure of men and women with respect to either the act of adultery or impure thoughts of desire for another's wife:
14) Thou shalt not commit adultery.
17) Thou shalt not covet...thy neighbor's wife.
Other than procreation, the main purpose of marriage is to unite the male and female in a spiritual union that is sacred before God. A man is viewed as incomplete if he is unmarried, because a part of his soul remains incomplete. In this sense, the male is the protector of the female, the provider of the female, and moral obligations bound both male and female with respect to provision and sexuality. In this manner, Judaic marriage and obligation are similar to Christian and Islamic moral duties and responsibilities within the pact. The Book of Malachi 2:14-15 expresses the notion of marriage as one of provision, one of companionship and one of moral sanctity:
14 Yet ye say, Wherefore? Because the Lord hath been witness between thee and the wife of they youth, against whom thou hast dealt treacherously; yet is she thy companion, and the wife of they covenant. 15 And did not he make one? Yet had he the residue of the spirit. And wherefore one? That he might seek a godly seed. Therefore take heed to your spirit, and let non deal treacherously against the wife of his youth.
In this manner, women, even slave women, who were married were protected with respect to their need for provisions and sexuality in J...
Matrimony and Divorce. (1969, December 31). In LotsofEssays.com. Retrieved 16:56, February 22, 2017, from http://www.collegetermpapers.com/viewpaper/1375449272.html