Thus, an ethical decision based upon beneficence often may be complex. Such complexity frequently is associated with cases, where doing good for the patient also will do harm to the fetus. Some health care professionals tend to differently from other abortion cases by contending that elective abortion is not at issue. This approach, however, tends to beg the question, as the fetus will end up just as dead as would be the case in an elective abortion.
Nonmaleficence requires that a health care professional do nothing that is harmful (Corley, Selig, & Ferguson, 1993, p. 120). Within the context of the concept of abortion, the ethical principle of nonmaleficence could be interpreted to mean that a health care professional should not assist in a procedure that will lead to the death of the fetus. Conversely, the failure by a health care professional to provide care to the patient in such a case might cause harm to befall the patient. This issue is less troubling for the health care professional that does not view the fetus as a person imbued with all the rights of a sentient being than for the anti-abortion health care professional who perceives the fetus as a person just as a pregnant woman is a person. For such a health care professional, the choice in some cases may come down to who to kill.
Fidelity requires a health care professional to both keep promises made to others and to protect the trust placed by others in her or him (Milner, 1993, p. 23). This requirement may be interpreted to mean that a health care professional is bound to honor formal expressions of patient autonomy, such as the request by a patient to have an abortion procedure performed. Further, other health care professionals involved in the performance of such a patient-requested procedure rely on the professionalism of all other health care professionals involved in the delivery of care to such a patient to perform the health care services required by ...
Abortion: Dispute Issue in U.S. (2000, January 01). In LotsofEssays.com. Retrieved 21:58, March 26, 2015, from https://www.collegetermpapers.com/viewpaper/1303454539.html