Abnormalities of the Body
Thus, spina bifida occulta can be more significant clinically. Symptoms of the abnormality may present at any time from birth to adulthood (16:791792). Furthermore, while no particular ethnic group seems more predisposed to the condition, spina bifida occulta does occur more frequently in females than males: The sex ratio is slightly more than 21, female to male (18:350).

The assorted symptoms of spina bifida occulta may be cutaneous, neurological or orthopedic in nature. Cutaneous signs may include a very hairy patch (hypertrichosis) resembling a horse's tail situated at about midline. In addition, midline lumbosacral portwine angiomas are also frequently associated with the disorder. Other possible signs include pigmented nevi (red to brownish mottled patches) and atretic meningoceles (skin abnormalities consisting of a central thin white area surrounded by a periphery of red, pink or brown), as well as subcutaneous lipomas and dimplelike depressions (18:352353).

Neurological manifestations of spina bifida occulta include muscle weakness and gait disturbance, often with onset at about two years of age (i.e., when the child begins to walk). There may also be unilateral lower extremity muscle atrophy and, possibly, a short leg. Deep tendon reflexes tend to vary considerably; they can be either normal, increased, hypoactive, or completely abs

    Some topics in this essay  
    Mayo Clinic | James Lassman | Sweden Finland | Moreover Hall | Abnormalities Spina | Davidson John | Publishers Inc | Bergsma Daniel | Liss Inc | situs inversus | spina bifida | Scientific Publications | diabetes mellitus | york ny | bifida occulta | spina bifida occulta | edition york | edition york ny | davidson john | mellitus problemoriented approach | ny thieme | medical publishers | thieme medical | problemoriented approach edition | diabetes mellitus problemoriented |  
    Get Better Grades!  
    Saved Papers  
    Save your essays here so you can locate them quickly!  
"I was in a real bind and your site helped me to come up with ideas for my paper."
Brian T.
"It's nice to be able to find information so quickly and easily."
Jillian T.
"I enjoy reading other writers papers to get their perspective on things. It makes writing my own paper so much easier."
Cindy A.
"I've used this site for 2 semesters and I'll be back next year for sure!"
Liz R.
"This site rocks! I got an A thanks to you helping with my writers block."
Sara B.
Copyright © 1999 - 2014 CollegeTermPapers.com. All Rights Reserved. DMCA