The text states that there is clear evidence regarding beneficial effects of Ritalin, however, it also reports regarding disturbing side effects of stimulant therapy such as suppression of height and weight increases. Increased Ritalin usage may reflect its misuse. Leutwyler makes reference to the possibility that psychiatrists may be too ready to diagnose ADHD and to dismiss symptoms with a quick chemical fix. Both the text and the article agree that ADHD diagnosis has increased. Leutwyler provides insight into possible causes of increased ADHD prevalence such as current diagnostic criteria.
The text states that the causes of ADHD are not known; the possible effects of food additives on symptoms is discussed and some reference to abnormal EEGs is made. Leutwyler provides more information such as biochemical and structural differences found in ADHD people.
Although the text makes reference to the confusion regarding the use of Ritalin, it provides very little information regarding biochemical effects and does not discuss comparisons to cocaine or possibilities for related drug abuse. Gatley et al. make note of the similarities of general pharmacological properties between methylphenidate and other psychostimulant drugs. This information is important since Ritalin is now being prescribed for ADHD adolescents and adults.
The text reports that ADHD diagnosis and Ritalin usage are increasing and controversy exists regarding both. Leutwyler provides insight into possible reasons for the increased ADHD prevalence and supports the existence of symptoms with information regarding biochemical and structural causes. Gatley et al. provide a controversial view of methylphenidate which points to its possible misuse as a psychostimulant for adolescents and adults; the "high" experienced with intravenous injection is reported as similar to that of cocaine.
Raw opium contains approximately 10 percent by weight of morphine with a ...
Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). (1969, December 31). In LotsofEssays.com. Retrieved 21:53, June 30, 2015, from https://www.collegetermpapers.com/viewpaper/1303824000.html