The idea that comparing the historical (or mythical) figures of Jesus and Mohammed is somehow inappropriate, and that the real distinctions between the religions are not between these two culture heroes, but between Jesus and the Quran, is absurd. An anthropological study of religion teaches us that they are far more similar in their structure and function within a society than their widely varying practices and beliefs might suggest.
Briefly, all religions manifest most of the following traits: they are founded by a culture hero who mediates between the world we know and the divine or supernatural
realm; they have a sacred text or oral legends that explain the origin of man and the world; they have a moral code; they have characteristic rituals; they all use art, music, literature, pageantry, and dance (or at least processionals and parades) to express their doctrines; they all claim to have evidence of the supernatural; and they presume to a knowledge of what happens after death, with some kind of belief in an afterlife.
Both Jesus and Mohammed are central to their respective religions. While Moses and Mohammed claimed that God had given them his revelations directly, Jesus's self-appointment to be the son of God was the basis of his authority. Since Mohammed claimed to have written the Quran based on a divine inspiration, the text of the