Of course, Adams also says that the healing of the society must come from within, and the social re-integration of society begins with an examination of the existing situation and a shift in thinking at the societal level:
Like the damaged self, a pathological society needs probing self-examination and reeducation; it needs to reconstitute its value system by turning toward humanistic values, and to rethink it ways of thought and behavior in light of its new orientation.
A consideration of the way a number of theorists have approached this issue helps show why social disintegration is taking place and how to achieve social integration, including a reassessment of the value of morality, religion, the economy, political institutions, the family, and the community and how these values and institutions can be revitalized by a return to the proper respect for and incorporation of history and tradition into our present culture.
The different ways of looking at culture are methodological differences, each of which may be applied to the same culture. "Culture" looked at as an intrinsic and universal aspect of all social life would then reveal differences in each society based on variations in core values, institutions, and behaviors. Viewing culture as distinct and explicit practice reflects each culture