The Four Noble Truths of Buddhism are that suffering (dukkha) is a part of life, that suffering comes from craving or desire for personal fulfillment (tanha), that release from suffering requires bringing tanha to an end, and that this release is acquired through the Eightfold Path. This Path includes right knowledge, right aspiration, right speech, right behavior, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right absorption (Smith, Illustrated, 70-75).
Both Hinduism and Buddhism can be said to believe not in God as a person deity but in a Godhead which is abstract and impersonal. Nirvana, or bliss, is the ultimate goal of Buddhism. This nirvana is accomplished by the spiritual aspect of the human being, which, unlike in Hinduism, is not a soul migrating from body to body but rather like the idea of a wave carrying from life to life "a trajectory, a four-dimensional form, a causal chain of karmic propensities" (Smith, Illustrated, 78). As we read in Herman Hesse's fictionalized life of the Buddha, this nirvana is expressed essentially in the sense of compassion which the individual experiences as he considers every living thing and its suffering and sacredness. The nirvana of he Buddha is finally expressed not in a spectacular spiritual display, but in a simple smile which reminds the novel's protagonist "of everything that he had ever loved in his life, of everything that had ever been of value and holy in his life" (Hesse 150-152).
China's Confucianism is perhaps the most anti-otherworldly and socially oriented of the world's major religions. Based on the practical, informal and Socratic teachings of Confucius, this religion is rooted in Confucius' desire to create a way of life for the individual-in-society which would prevent social anarchy. Confucius believed that love, or the force tying individuals together in a peaceful society, "requires arrangements and social structures to come into being." Confucius "assume...
A Detailed Survey on Worlds Religion. (1969, December 31). In LotsofEssays.com. Retrieved 01:59, November 26, 2015, from https://www.collegetermpapers.com/viewpaper/1303922793.html